Website security is one major element in web development. There are lots of ways for malicious scriptwriter that harm your website or computers’ data using website phishing, DDoS attacks, key loggers, Trojans etc. Virus attack can harm your business as well as customers data, credit card information and can damage your website brand’s reputation.
You need to follow best practices to make site secure and prevent from hackers. Here are some of best ways to make your site secure.
1. Update your software regularly
In current situation most of small or large scale businesses are using eCommerce platforms like Magento, WordPress, Joomla, Drupal, OS Commerce etc. This all platforms are effective eCommerce platforms and regularly releasing security patches and latest software version. Your website should be updated with latest version of software with all latest security patches. Your website should also use latest PHP versions to make sure your site secure.
It is import to update your custom software also and there should be no security holes.
You should use strong password. Hackers use brute force to crack passwords so to protect your site against brute force, you should use complex password and it should have uppercase letters, lowercase letters, numbers and special characters and it should at least 10 characters long. Passwords should change regularly and it should follow in your organization.
3. Keep website data/files clean
You should remove any files, databases or plugins from your site which are no longer in use, if you keep those files un-updated then it can be possible point for hackers to enter malicious code in your website and you can lost your data and site can hacked.
4. Backup data regularly
You should take backup of your website’s database as well as files, if there is any data lost due to server fault or your site is inaccessible then you can restore those backup and can make your site working again from backup data. Hosting provider take backup bur for better safety we should take backup at our end also.
5. Vulnerabilities scan
It is very important to scans website and server vulnerabilities, you can schedule to perform web security scans or you can manually do scans when you update any files to your site. There are many tools which can scan your file data.
6. Files or folder permissions/ownership
On computer file systems, different files and directories have permissions that specific to who and what can read, write, modify and access them. You can check more about for example WordPress site permissions
7. Use an Advanced Web Application Firewall
If you manage and use advanced web application firewall than it can protest your website against hacker attacks like SQL injections, Malware, injected code, malicious codes, application vulnerability exploits. This way, you can keep your site protected.
8. Use SSL Certificate
User SSL (Secure socket layer) certificates in your website which keep information encrypted between browsers and web servers. Using SSL, your website hide sensitive data and keep it encrypted like credit card information, users data when customer enter those data in your website. And customers are trusting more on SSL based sites.
9. Hide admin login page
Your back endURL slug should be different than other common website back endURL (/admin, /wp-admin), normally hackers try to brute force by attempting to login with number of username and passwords if you are using common back endURL. So you should use very hard back end slug and if not required than you should no link back endURL to your site.
10. Use RECAPTCHA
To protect your site from boats to logging in your site, you should use google tool reCAPTCHA. reCAPTCHA is a free service to protect your website from abuse and spam. You can learn more about it from here.